Tanzania is an East African country with a population of over 55 million people. In Tanzania, the growth rates for both population and urbanization are one of the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Even though urbanization creates economic and human development, poor governance and management of urban areas have resulted in uncontrolled growth and inadequate services regarding infrastructure, also in the water, sanitation and hygiene sectors (WASH).
Our project – Tanzanitation – focuses on the improvement of sanitation conditions in three informal settlements in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Keko Machungwa (Temeke municipality), Karakata (Ilala municipality) and Mburahati (Kinondoni municipality). Previous phases of the project have focused on the implementation of a new dry toilet system, Ecological Sanitation (EcoSan). Since the beginning, there have been 34 toilets constructed resulting in improved sanitation conditions in the communities. In addition, the two chamber structure of the EcoSan dry toilets serves as a composting system. This yields a resource that can be used to build a basis for commercial activities within the local communities. However, given that current infrastructure in place would require expansions to produce enough product for commercial purposes, it currently relies strongly on foreign financial inflows, mainly from Finland, and thus is not self-sustainable.
The project was originally launched as a part of Sustainable Global Technologies (SGT) -studio course at Aalto University. In 2018, it still runs as a part of the course by a team of six brilliant minds from Aalto with the help of two mentors. The U R IN: Tanzanitation -team consist of six individuals from four different countries and five different disciplines. For more information about our squad, please visit the site “About Us“. Our mentors, MSc (Architecture) Zita Floret and MSc Venla Niva, complement the team with their expertise in the field. The project is implemented in collaboration with local NGOs in Dar es Salaam and in Tanzania.
During a two week site visit in Dar es Salaam, the Tanzanitation squad will be researching, analyzing and documenting all the aspects that are necessary to create a self-sustaining system around the existing toilets. Within those two weeks, we gather information that is the base for our final project report. In that report, we give recommendations on what is necessary to be changed in order to build a self-sustaining system. Our focus points this year will be stakeholder relations and communications.